Policy Governance ®
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Policy Governance®?
Policy Governance® is an integrated set of concepts and principles that describe the job of any governing Board. It outlines the manner in which Boards can be successful in their servant- leadership role, as well as their all-important relationship with management. More information on the model can be found at http://www.carvergovernance.com/model.htm and http://www.policygovernanceassociation.org
Is Northfield using Policy Governance®?
The Northfield School Board received training and continues to receive support from the Vermont School Boards Association to understand the Policy Governance® model and its potential for increasing organizational effectiveness. The Board developed and adopted policies in 2007 and adjusted Board practices based on the model's principles.
The following questions and responses are designed to help you understand what this means for our district:
What is the focus of the Board?
The approach emphasizes community values, well-educated students, systems accountability, and efficient use of administration and Board time.
It allows the Board to focus on general principles leaving details to the administration. Community involvement is an essential component.
The Board sets forth clear expectations containing district standards. The school Board delegates to the Superintendent the responsibility for making decisions to achieve these goals.
How does a member of the community get a question or concern addressed?
The Board has established in policy that every person has a right to expect a timely and appropriate response to a question or concern regarding the district.
Concerns of a personal nature or that involve the day-to-day operations of the school should be directed to the appropriate teacher or principal. Concerns not addressed at the building level can be brought to the superintendent. If a timely, appropriate response from the superintendent is not received, individuals may address their concerns to the Board.
Policy concerns that address the general welfare of the community or the education of students can be addressed directly to the Board by contacting the chair.
What is the Ends Policy?
The Ends policy is the statement of student expectations containing district standards. The School Board delegates to the superintendent the responsibility for making decisions to achieve these goals.
What is expected of the superintendent?
The superintendent focuses the resources and energy of the district to achieve the student results stated in the ends policy. The superintendent maintains fiscal integrity and protects district assets with fairness and respect for all while operating the district within Executive Limitations and while keeping the Board well-informed.
What is the role of the school Board?
Board members are responsible for representing their constituents and for promoting the greater good of the community by advancing the expectations set in the ends policy.
The Board adopts policies then establishes a monitoring schedule. The Board evaluates the evidence provided by the superintendent to demonstrate compliance with policies and reasonable progress toward expected student results. The Board can request additional evidence or ask for outside help if needed. The Board determines if the evidence is sufficient for compliance and requires a remedial plan if needed.
The annual evaluation of the superintendent is based on these monitoring reports.
The Board may retain clearly specified responsibilities.
How is the community involved?
Members of the community are responsible for advising the Board of the principles it values. They help the school Board determine the expected results of the schools, for whom, and at what cost. The community holds the Board accountable by electing Board members and approving the budget.
What evidence should be expected to demonstrate adherence to a policy?
The evidence includes enough concrete data to convince the Board as a whole of compliance with the policy. The objective is to use the least amount of data needed to demonstrate compliance. The reason for this is to ensure the Board spends its time on relevant critical data and not extraneous information. The goal is to keep the superintendent focused on student results rather than compiling unnecessary evidence.
If the data is incomplete or inadequate, the Board will direct the superintendent to revise the monitoring report and resubmit it.
What if the goals aren't met?
Policy expectations may not be met at any given point for many reasons. The superintendent is obligated to inform the Board of material deviations from policy or budget expectations and trends away from established goals.
The Board and superintendent must discuss contributing factors. Is time needed for correction? Are adequate resources available? Has there been a misstep? The superintendent is held accountable for corrections regardless of his personal involvement in the problem.
When the Board addresses a policy infringement, it is the duty of the superintendent to develop a plan and timeline to regain compliance. When the superintendent submits a plan, the Board determines if it is reasonable and then monitors the implementation of the plan.
Ultimately, the Board must decide if the whole policy or any aspect within it is unrealistic or needs revision. If the policy needs to be revised, general principles and not specific details or events are used to work out changes.
How does this approach better serve the community?
The goal is to keep the focus on the mission of education within the community and increase accountability of the superintendent to the Board in turn to the community. The community will have increased opportunities to contribute to significant district dialog on policy, to understand how to get their questions addressed effectively, and to review monitoring information.
What are the Board's goals for this year?
The Board has its own work to do that is separate from the work of the staff and administration. This year, the Board goals are:
- Discuss and decide how to monitor student success
- Receive and review monitoring reports for each policy.
- Evaluate Board performance.
- Keep the community involved and informed.
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